Peptic ulcer disease
What is Peptic Ulcer Disease?
Peptic ulcer disease is a condition characterized by painful sores in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine. The most common cause of peptic ulcer disease is infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. Other factors that can contribute to the development of peptic ulcers include long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), excessive alcohol consumption, and smoking.
When is it necessary to see a doctor?
Peptic ulcer disease can cause serious complications such as bleeding or perforation of the stomach or intestines. If someone experiences severe abdominal pain or vomiting blood, they should seek medical attention immediately.
Treatment for peptic ulcer disease may involve medication to reduce acid production in the stomach, antibiotics to eliminate the H. pylori infection, and lifestyle modifications such as avoiding certain foods and reducing stress.