Testicular cancer

What is Testicular Cancer?

Testicular cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the testicles, which are the male reproductive organs that produce sperm and hormones, including testosterone. Testicular cancer is relatively rare, but is the most common cancer among young men aged 15 to 35.

It typically presents as a painless lump, swelling, or hardness in the testicle, or changes in size, shape, or consistency of the testicle. Other symptoms may include discomfort or pain in the testicle or scrotum, swelling or lumps in the groin or abdomen, and sometimes pain or discomfort in the back or lower abdomen. Testicular cancer can spread to nearby lymph nodes, as well as to other parts of the body, and may require prompt diagnosis and treatment. 

When is it necessary to see a doctor?

Although rare, testicular cancer can potentially be a serious condition and early detection is crucial for successful treatment. If you notice any unusual changes or symptoms in your testicles, it is important to seek medical evaluation promptly for proper diagnosis and management. Treatment options for testicular cancer may include surgery to remove the affected testicle (called radical orchiectomy), radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and sometimes additional treatments depending on the type and stage of the cancer. Regular self-exams, routine check-ups with a healthcare provider, and awareness of the risk factors and symptoms of testicular cancer can help with early detection and improve outcomes.

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