What is Colon Cancer?
Colon cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the colon (large intestine). It usually begins as small, noncancerous growths called polyps, which can eventually turn into cancer if left untreated. Symptoms of colon cancer can include changes in bowel habits, blood in the stool, abdominal pain or discomfort, and unexplained weight loss.
Colon cancer is most commonly diagnosed in individuals over the age of 50, and those with a family history of the disease are at a higher risk. Early detection and treatment of colon cancer can improve outcomes and increase the chances of survival. Screening for colon cancer is recommended for individuals over 50 years old or those with a family history of colon cancer.
When is it necessary to see a doctor?
If you experience persistent changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhea or constipation, blood in your stool, or abdominal pain, it's time to see a doctor for a colon cancer evaluation. A doctor can perform screening tests such as colonoscopies to detect and treat colon cancer early. Treatment options for colon cancer can include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The choice of treatment depends on the stage and location of the cancer, as well as the individual's overall health.