Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

What is Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)?

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic condition that causes inflammation and irritation in the lining of the digestive tract. There are two main types of IBD: Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Crohn's disease can affect any part of the digestive tract from the mouth to the anus, while ulcerative colitis affects only the colon and rectum. IBD is characterized by symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, weight loss, and fatigue.

The exact cause of IBD is unknown, but it is thought to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and immune factors. There is no cure for IBD, but treatment aims to manage symptoms, control inflammation, and improve quality of life.

When is it necessary to see a doctor?

It is necessary to see a doctor if you experience persistent or worsening symptoms of BD, which may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, weight loss, fatigue, and other digestive issues. If you suspect you may have IBD or have been previously diagnosed with IBD and are experiencing a flare-up, it is important to seek medical evaluation for appropriate management and treatment. Treatment options may include medications, lifestyle changes, nutritional therapy, and in some cases, surgery. Proper management and ongoing care are important for individuals with IBD to prevent complications and maintain optimal health.

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