What is Ulcerative Colitis?
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the lining of the colon and rectum. The exact cause of ulcerative colitis is not known, but it is thought to be related to an overactive immune system that mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in the digestive tract.
Symptoms of ulcerative colitis can include abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, and weight loss.
When is it necessary to see a doctor?
If you experience symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, or weight loss, it's time to see a gastroenterologist for an ulcerative colitis evaluation. A gastroenterologist can diagnose ulcerative colitis and recommend treatment options. Treatment for ulcerative colitis typically involves a combination of medication and lifestyle changes. Anti-inflammatory medications, such as corticosteroids and immunomodulators, can help reduce inflammation and manage symptoms. Dietary changes, such as avoiding trigger foods and increasing fiber intake, may also be recommended. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected portion of the colon.
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