What is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness that affects a person's ability to think, feel, and behave clearly. The symptoms of schizophrenia usually appear in the late teenage years or early adulthood, and they can be divided into three categories: positive symptoms, negative symptoms, and cognitive symptoms. Positive symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, and disordered thinking. Negative symptoms include reduced emotional expression, social withdrawal, and lack of motivation. Cognitive symptoms include problems with memory, attention, and decision-making.

When is it necessary to see a doctor?

If you experience symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech or behavior, or social withdrawal, it's time to see a mental health professional for a schizophrenia evaluation. Treatment for schizophrenia typically involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Antipsychotic medications can help reduce positive symptoms, while cognitive behavioral therapy and other forms of psychotherapy can help individuals manage negative and cognitive symptoms. Supportive services, such as case management, vocational rehabilitation, and peer support, can also be helpful for people with schizophrenia and their families.

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